Quantifiers (too many, too much, enough)

Some of my students say that there are too many rules in English, and they complain that learning all these rules takes too much time. They tell me that they want to improve their English, but they don’t have enough time.

We use ‘too much’ and ‘too many’ to say there is an excess of something. There are too many corrupt politicians, there is too much traffic on the roads. We use ‘too many’ with countable nouns and ‘too much’ with uncountable nouns.

If you have enough time, you should try watching films in English to help improve your listening skills. It may help you understand how we use ‘enough’. We use ‘enough’ to speak about a sufficient quantity of something. We can use ‘enough’ in front of countable or uncountable nouns ( enough money, enough trains ). We use ‘not enough’ to say that there is not a sufficient quantity of a noun. Many hotels close after the summer because there are not enough tourists.

With verbs

We can also use ‘too much’ after positive verbs, and ‘enough’ after negative verbs to talk about how often an action happens. For example, we can say that there are too many politicians, that they talk too much, are paid too much and that they don’t work enough.

(Unfortunately, politicians will never understand the example above.)



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